Symmetry Groups of Islamic Patterns at the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque

Glenn R. Laigo, Haftamu Menker GebreYohannes and Fahad Mohammed Humaid Al Khamisi
Proceedings of Bridges 2014: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Culture (2014)
Pages 183–190


In this paper, we analyze Islamic patterns found at the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque in Muscat, Oman. We use group theory to analyze these patterns. In particular, we consider dihedral, frieze, and wallpaper groups as possible symmetry groups of the patterns.