Chladni Figures Revisited: A Peek Into The Third Dimension

Martin Skrodzki, Ulrich Reitebuch and Konrad Polthier
Proceedings of Bridges 2016: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Education, Culture (2016)
Pages 481–484


In his 1802 book ”Acoustics”, Ernst Florens Friedrich Chladni describes how to visualize different vibration modes using sand, a metal plate, and a violin bow. We will review the underlying physical and mathematical formulations and lift them to the third dimension. Finally, we present some of the resulting three dimensional Chladni figures.