The goal of thiS paper is to illustrate how octahedra and tetrahedra pack together to fill space, and to identify and visualize the dual to this packing. First, we examine a progression of 2-D and 3-D space-filling packings that relate the tetrahedral-octahedral space-filling packing to the packing of 2-D space by squares. The process will use a combination of stretching, truncation and 2-D to 3-D correspondence. Through slicing, we will also relate certain stages of the process back to simple 2-D packings such as the triangular grid and the 18.104.22.168 Archimedean tiling of the plane. Second, we will illustrate the meaning of duality as it relates to polygons, polyhedra and 2-D and 3-D packings. At a later stage, we will reason out the dual packing of the tetrahedral-octahedral packing. Finally, we will demonstrate that it is indeed a 3-D space filler in its own right by showing different construction methods.